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天津市河北区部分高血压患者药物利用及用药依从性调研
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篇名: 天津市河北区部分高血压患者药物利用及用药依从性调研
TITLE:
摘要: 目的:为进一步提高高血压患者用药依从性及治疗效果提供参考。方法:在天津市河北区随机选取3个社区卫生服务中心,每个社区卫生服务中心随机抽取2015年1-12月期间接受药物治疗的100名高血压患者进行问卷调查,了解其基本情况、用药情况及用药依从性,并对其用药依从性影响因素进行Logistic回归分析。结果:共发放调查问卷300份,回收有效问卷300份,有效回收率为100%。受访患者治疗时同时服用2种药物的人数最多(占51.67%);钙离子拮抗药(CCB)、血管紧张素转换酶抑制剂(ACEI)在受访患者治疗时最常用(分别占59.33%、30.67%);受访患者用药依从性好的比例为34.00%;就诊社区、服药种数、经济状况、服药时间、高血压常识是影响受访患者用药依从性的主要因素。结论:对于高血压患者的药物治疗应采取一定的干预措施,尤其应针对影响其用药依从性的主要因素采取必要的举措,从而提高其用药依从性,进而提高治疗效果。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for improving medication compliance and treatment effect of the hypertension patients. METHODS: 3 community health center in Tianjin Hebei district were randomly selected, and 100 hypertension patients who were randomly selected from each community health center in Jan. 2015 to Dec. 2015 in Tianjin investigated by questionnaire survey to explore the basic situation, drug utilization, medication compliance, and the influential factors of medication compliance were analyzed with Logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Totally 300 questionnaires were sent out, and 300 were recycled with effective recovery of 100%. In the investigation, taking 2 drugs accounted for the majority of hypertension patients (51.67%); CCB and ACEI were most commonly used in the treatment of patients with hypertension (accounting for 59.33% and 30.67%, respectively); the proportion of good medication compliance was 34.00%; the community health center, drug type, economy, time to take medicine, hypertension knowledge were main factors for influencing the medication compliance of patients. CONCLUSIONS: The treatment of hypertension patients should take some intervention measures, especially taking necessary measures for the main factors that influence the medication compliance of the patients to improve medication compliance of patients and treatment effect.
期刊: 2016年第27卷第27期
编辑: 郝婷,张金钟
AUTHORS: HAO Ting,ZHANG Jinzhong
关键字: 天津市;高血压患者;用药依从性;影响因素;调查
KEYWORDS: Tianjin; Hypertension patients; Medication compliance; Influential factors; Investigation
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